Platelet-rich plasma – or PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) – is a preparation obtained from own patient’s blood using the method of cell separation. Blood collection occurs under outpatient conditions. Then the blood is transferred to sterile containers and a specialized centrifuge. As a result of centrifugation, it is divided into red cells, platelet-poor plasma and – the most valuable in medicine – platelet-rich plasma used in the therapy of many (not only orthopedic) diseases. They are applied to the patient by means of an injection made within the area of the body being treated.
In orthopedics, PRP is used to regenerate soft tissues such as muscles, tendons or ligaments and bone tissue. Thanks to its properties (released by activated thrombocytes the so-called growth factors), plasma stimulates cell replication. Thus, it has an angiogenic effect, supports and intensifies metabolic and cellular differentiation processes.
In the case of using platelet-rich plasma in orthopedics – it is used in support of delayed bone union, wounds difficult-to-heal, and such diseases, injuries and problems degenerative diseases such as:
Platelet-rich plasma has the ability to accelerate the healing of soft tissues and bones, and improve tissue regeneration, reduction of swelling and the risk of infection. Additionally, it shortens the period of convalescence after orthopedic procedures.
After collecting venous blood from the patient, the amount of which depends on the scale of a given disease, the preparation is delivered to a centrifuge equipped with a special filter system. After about 15 minutes selected fraction of platelet-rich plasma goes into the syringe. Then the doctor gives it to the patient by injection performed under local anesthesia. The recovery process depends on the type of the advancement of the disease.
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